PEPPER


PEPPER
PEPPER (Heb. פִּלְפֵּל, pilpel), the fruit of the perennial creeping plant Piper nigrum, which grows in India and in the neighboring tropical regions. The Hebrew name, like its English one, is derived from the Sanskrit pippali. Probably it was first brought to Ereẓ Israel after the expeditions of Alexander the Great. R. Johanan notes that in former times pepper was not yet available for spicing roast meat and roquet was used instead (Er. 28b). Pepper was an expensive spice and sometimes the seeds of bitter vetch were used as a substitute (Eccles. R. 6:1). In the time of the Mishnah and the Talmud, people were very fond of pepper and attempts may have been made to cultivate it. The aggadah states that the emperor Hadrian challenged Joshua b. Hananiah to the effect that despite the Land of Israel's virtues it lacked some things, such as pepper, and in reply Joshua brought him pepper from Niẓḥana (seemingly a locality in Upper Galilee) in order to prove "that the Land of Israel lacks nothing" (Eccles. R. 2:8, no. 2; see also cinnamon ). R. Meir uses the same phrase about pepper and adds that it is subject to the law of orlah just like other local trees (Ber. 36b). In addition to its use as a spice, pepper was also used to dispel halitosis and a woman was permitted to go out on the Sabbath with a peppercorn in her mouth (Shab. 6:5). A   proverb had it that "Better one peppercorn than a basket full of gourds" (Meg. 7a). The term pilpul (Avot 6:6; Tem. 16a) is connected with pilpel and from it is derived the verb palpel, to show sharpwittedness in learning. In the Middle Ages, pepper was a medium of exchange and was called "black money." A species resembling pepper is pilpela arikhta, long pepper (Pes. 42b), extracted from the bunches of unripe fruit of the species Piper longum. In Israel today the name pilpel is applied to the decorative tree Schinus molle and also to paprika, both of which originate in America and were unknown to the ancients. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Krauss, Tal Arch, 1 (1910), 118f.; Loew, Flora, 3 (1924), 49–62. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Tzome'aḥ, 125. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Pepper — may refer to:PlantsThe genus Piper of the pepper family (Piperaceae), including for example: *Black pepper, white and green pepper, Piper nigrum * Cubeb, Piper cubeba , also known as Java pepper * Long pepper, Piper longum The genus Capsicum of… …   Wikipedia

  • Pepper — Pep per, n. [OE. peper, AS. pipor, L. piper, fr. Gr. ?, ?, akin to Skr. pippala, pippali.] 1. A well known, pungently aromatic condiment, the dried berry, either whole or powdered, of the {Piper nigrum}. [1913 Webster] Note: Common, or black,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pepper — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adam Pepper (* 1991), irischer Eishockeytorhüter Art Pepper (1925–1982), US amerikanischer Jazzsaxophonist Barry Pepper (* 1970), kanadischer Schauspieler Claude Pepper (1900–1989), US amerikanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pepper — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pepper Información personal Origen Kailua Kona, Hawaii, Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • pepper — [pep′ər] n. [ME peper < OE pipor < WGmc borrowing < L piper < Gr peperi, via Pers < Sans pippali, peppercorn] 1. a) a pungent condiment obtained from the small, dried fruits of an East Indian vine (Piper nigrum) of the pepper… …   English World dictionary

  • pepper — O.E. pipor, from an early W.Gmc. borrowing of L. piper, from Gk. piperi, probably (via Persian) from Middle Indic pippari, from Skt. pippali long pepper. The L. word is the source of Ger. Pfeffer, It. pepe, Fr. poivre, O.C.S. pipru, Lith. pipiras …   Etymology dictionary

  • Pepper — (Tre Fontane,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 91022 Tre Fontane, Италия Опи …   Каталог отелей

  • Pepper — Pep per, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Peppered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Peppering}.] 1. To sprinkle or season with pepper. [1913 Webster] 2. Figuratively: To shower shot or other missiles, or blows, upon; to pelt; to fill with shot, or cover with bruises or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pepper — ► NOUN 1) a pungent, hot tasting powder made from peppercorns, used to flavour food. 2) a capsicum. ► VERB 1) sprinkle or season with pepper. 2) (usu. be peppered with) scatter liberally over or through. 3) hit repeatedly with small missiles or… …   English terms dictionary

  • Pepper — Pep per, v. i. To fire numerous shots (at). [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English